What is Linux Operating System? (Everything about Linux OS)

Linux operating system

If you’ve ever heard about Linux but weren’t quite sure what it is, you’re in the right place. In this beginner’s guide, we’ll explore everything you need to know about the Linux operating system (OS), from its definition to its benefits, disadvantages, why you should choose Linux, how to contribute to its development, and more. Let’s dive in!

What is Linux Operating System?


Linux is an open-source operating system kernel that serves as the foundation for various Linux server distros. Developed by Linus Torvalds in 1991, Linux is known for its stability, security, and flexibility. Unlike proprietary operating systems like Windows or macOS, Linux is freely available and can be modified and redistributed by anyone under the terms of its open-source license.

Benefits of Linux:

  • Open-Source: Linux is open-source, meaning its source code is freely available for anyone to view, modify, and distribute. This fosters collaboration and innovation within the development community.
  • Stability and Reliability: Linux is renowned for its stability and reliability, making it an ideal choice for mission-critical systems and servers. It rarely crashes or freezes, providing a consistent user experience.
  • Security: Linux benefits from a strong security model, with regular updates and a proactive community dedicated to identifying and patching vulnerabilities. It’s less susceptible to malware and viruses compared to other operating systems.
  • Flexibility: Linux offers unparalleled flexibility, allowing users to customize their operating system according to their specific needs and preferences. From desktop environments to server configurations, Linux can be tailored to suit a wide range of use cases.
  • Cost-Effective: Linux is often free to use, making it a cost-effective solution for individuals and organizations looking to minimize licensing costs. This makes it particularly appealing for startups, educational institutions, and budget-conscious users.

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Disadvantages of Linux:

  • Learning Curve: Linux can have a steeper learning curve for beginners, especially those accustomed to proprietary operating systems like Windows. Command-line interface usage and system configuration may require some time to master.
  • Hardware Compatibility: While Linux supports a wide range of hardware, some specialized or proprietary hardware may have limited support. Users may encounter challenges with drivers or compatibility issues, particularly with newer or less common devices.
  • Software Compatibility: While the availability of Linux software has grown significantly over the years, some proprietary software may not have Linux versions or may require workarounds to run. This can be a drawback for users dependent on specific applications.
  • Fragmentation: The vast number of Linux distributions available can lead to fragmentation, with different distros offering varying features and package management systems. This can make it challenging for users to choose the right distribution for their needs.

Why Choose Linux Operating System?

  • Performance: Linux is known for its efficiency and performance, making it an excellent choice for servers, embedded systems, and high-performance computing environments. It can handle heavy workloads with ease and offers excellent scalability.
  • Security: With its robust security model and active community support, Linux offers a secure platform for hosting sensitive data and applications. Regular security updates and patches help mitigate vulnerabilities and ensure system integrity.
  • Customization: Linux allows users to tailor their operating system to suit their specific needs, whether it’s for personal use, development, or server deployment. Users have full control over their system’s configuration and can choose from a wide range of desktop environments, software packages, and utilities.
  • Community Support: The Linux community is vast and vibrant, offering forums, documentation, and resources to help users troubleshoot issues, learn new skills, and contribute to the ecosystem. Users can find assistance and guidance from experienced users and developers worldwide.

Who Uses Linux?

  • Server Environments: Linux is the preferred choice for server environments due to its stability, reliability, and performance. Many web servers, cloud infrastructure, and enterprise servers run on Linux, powering a significant portion of the internet.
  • Embedded Systems: Linux powers a wide range of embedded systems, including routers, smart TVs, IoT devices, and automotive infotainment systems. Its flexibility and adaptability make it well-suited for these applications.
  • Desktop Users: While less common than proprietary operating systems, Linux is gaining popularity among desktop users, especially those in the developer and enthusiast communities. Distros like Ubuntu, Fedora, and Linux Mint offer user-friendly desktop experiences and a wide selection of software.

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How to Contribute to Linux:

  • Code Contributions: Developers can contribute to the Linux kernel and various open-source projects by submitting code patches, bug fixes, and new features. Collaboration platforms like GitHub facilitate the contribution process and allow developers to collaborate with peers worldwide.
  • Testing and Bug Reporting: Users can contribute to Linux development by testing pre-release versions, reporting bugs, and providing feedback to developers. This helps identify and address issues before they affect the wider user base.
  • Documentation and Support: Contributing to documentation efforts and providing support to fellow users in forums and communities is invaluable for the Linux ecosystem. Clear and comprehensive documentation helps users understand and troubleshoot Linux systems effectively.
  • Financial Support: Many organizations rely on donations and sponsorships to fund Linux development. Supporting these initiatives financially helps sustain the Linux ecosystem and ensures its continued growth and innovation.


In conclusion, Linux server OS is a powerful and versatile with numerous benefits, including stability, security, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness. Whether you’re a server administrator, developer, or desktop user, Linux offers a robust platform for your computing needs. By understanding the advantages of Linux and how you can contribute to its development, you can become an active participant in the vibrant Linux community.

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